Due to avian influenza brazil extends state of animal health emergency

The Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock has announced a 180-day extension of the animal health emergency declaration nationwide. This decision comes in response to the identification of multiple outbreaks of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1, primarily in wild birds. The extension of this declaration allows for the continued implementation of precautionary measures aimed at safeguarding commercial poultry from potential contamination by this avian influenza virus.

Brazil extends state of animal health emergency due to avian influenza

The initial declaration of an animal health emergency was made on May 22, just one week after the first discovery of infected migratory wild birds. In the ensuing six months, a total of 139 outbreaks have been identified, with only three instances occurring among subsistence birds in the states of Espírito Santo, Santa Catarina, and Mato Grosso do Sul.

In accordance with the guidelines set forth by the World Organization for Animal Health (WOAH), Brazil has managed to maintain its status as an H5N1-free country because no cases have been reported in commercial poultry. This status is crucial for preserving international trade relations in poultry products.

Brazil extends state of animal health emergency due to avian influenza

The Official Veterinary Service has diligently investigated 2,207 cases and sent 609 samples for laboratory analysis. Currently, 18 cases are still under examination, and 139 cases have been confirmed, predominantly along the coastal region from the south of Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul.

Market Implications

Brazil plays a significant role in the global chicken meat market, holding a substantial 35 percent share and ranking as the world’s largest exporter of chicken products. The H5N1 avian influenza virus, with its capacity to mutate and adapt to new hosts, poses a substantial risk, primarily in terms of international poultry trade. There is also a sporadic threat to both human and animal health.

Brazil extends state of animal health emergency due to avian influenza

While Brazil has not reported any human cases of the disease, data from the PAHO indicate instances of H5N1 in the Americas, including the United States, Chile, and Ecuador. Vigilance and proactive measures are essential to protect both the poultry industry and public health.